Crypto Mining Taxes for 2024: A Comprehensive Guide

Written By
Julija A.
October 04,2023

Even with the recent changes in how some of the largest cryptocurrencies like Ethereum work, and the bear market conditions from the past year, mining crypto coins can still be a lucrative venture, but also one that comes with its own unique set of tax challenges.

What Is Crypto Mining?

Mining has long-been the backbone of cryptocurrency networks, used to maintain a blockchain’s integrity and add new coins to it.

The process starts with the verification of a transaction, after which the miners’ computer solves a complex mathematical problem (proof-of-work) and adds another block to the blockchain, culminating in a reward in the form of newly minted coins and transaction fees.

These rewards, however, are not seen as “free money” in the eyes of the IRS.

Crypto Mining Rewards Taxation

In the United States, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) categorizes mining rewards as taxable income, subjecting them to either ordinary income tax or capital gains tax, and occasionally both.

The federal income tax liability for mined cryptocurrency is predicated on its fair market value at the moment it is credited to your digital wallet. Importantly, this valuation serves as the tax basis and is impervious to subsequent market fluctuations.

For example, if you mine $5,000 worth of Bitcoin in September and the asset depreciates to $4,500 by November, you will have to report the original $5,000 value on your taxes.

Conversely, capital gains tax is triggered when you liquidate or otherwise transact your mined cryptocurrency. Utilizing the same example, should your $5,000 worth of Bitcoin appreciate to $5,500 and you opt to sell, you would incur a capital gains tax obligation on the $500 differential.

For self-employed individuals whose mining endeavors are classified as a trade or business, additional tax layers come into play, including Social Security and Medicare contributions.

This has started a rising trend in miners formalizing their operations through legal structures such as sole proprietorships or Limited Liability Companies (LLCs), in order to better manage the multifaceted tax obligations associated with cryptocurrency mining.

How to Report Crypto Mining on Your Taxes: Hobby vs. Business

The way you report taxes on crypto mining is also dependent on whether you are mining cryptos as a personal hobby, or as a business.

Hobby mining requires you to report your income on Schedule 1, and offers a more limited ability to deduct expenses, while business crypto mining taxes are reported on Schedule C, and allow you to deduct some business expenses, along with potentially making you subject to self employment tax.

What Are the Crypto Mining Tax Deductions?

As we noted before, If you're mining cryptocurrencies as a business, you can deduct related expenses and significantly reduce your taxable income. The main deductible expenses for business miners are:

  • Electricity: The cost of electricity consumed by your mining rig.
  • Hardware: The cost of your mining rig, GPUs, and other hardware.
  • Software: Any software licenses needed for mining.
  • Maintenance: Costs for maintaining and repairing your rig.
  • Office Space Deduction: If you use a part of your home exclusively for mining cryptos, you may be eligible for a home office tax deduction.

What Happens If I Don’t Report My Cryptocurrency Mining Rewards on My Taxes?

Failure to report your crypto mining rewards can result in a number of penalties that can go up as $250,000, or in more severe cases even lead to criminal charges for tax evasion.

How Do You Avoid Taxes on Crypto Mining?

While you can't entirely avoid taxes on crypto mining, there are legal ways to minimize your tax burden. For instance, holding onto your mined cryptocurrency for over a year can qualify you for lower long-term capital gains rates.

And as we mentioned, if you are mining as a business, you can reduce your taxable income through various business expense deductions available to you.

How Crypto Tax Software Can Help

Crypto tax software and calculators can automate the process of calculating your tax liability, generating reports, tracking your portfolio and even filing your taxes. These cutting-edge tools can be particularly useful for crypto miners who have a large number of transactions to track and report on.

Federal Income Tax Brackets for 2023

For the 2023 tax year (due 2024), the US income tax brackets are:

Tax rate

Single filer

Married filing jointly

Married filing separately

Head of household


Up to $11,000

Up to $22,000

Up to $11,000

Up to $15,700


$11,000 to $44,725

$22,000 to $89,450

$11,000 to $44,725

$15,700 to $59,850


$44,725 to $95,375

$89,450 to $190,750

$44,725 to $95,375

$59,850 to $95,350


$95,375 to $182,100

$190,750 to $364,200

$95,375 to $182,100

$95,350 to $182,100


$182,100 to $231,250

$364,200 to $462,500

$182,100 to $231,250

$182,100 to $231,250


$231,250 to $578,125

$462,500 to $693,750

$231,250 to $346,875

$231,250 to $578,100


More than $578,125

More than $693,750

More than $346,875

More than $578,100

Bottom Line

As you can see, mining these coins requires you to have a clear understanding of your crypto tax obligations. You have to be prepared, keep a clean record of your holdings and transactions, and use all the tools and advantages available to you in order to keep your peace of mind come tax season.


What is the tax rate for crypto mining?


The tax rate on crypto mining rewards depends on your total income and falls within the federal income tax brackets, ranging from 10% to 37%.

What is the 30% tax on crypto mining?


The Biden administration proposed a 30% tax on crypto mining in May 2023 under the Digital Assets Mining Energy excise tax, but this proposal has not yet, or may never be implemented in its current form.

What country is crypto tax-free?


Countries like Portugal and Malta do not tax cryptocurrency gains, but it's essential to consult local laws and international tax treaties if you're considering relocating for tax benefits.

About author

Albert Einstein is said to have identified compound interest as mankind’s greatest invention. That story’s probably apocryphal, but it conveys a deep truth about the power of fiscal policy to change the world along with our daily lives. Civilization became possible only when Sumerians of the Bronze Age invented money. Today, economic issues influence every aspect of daily life. My job at Fortunly is an opportunity to analyze government policies and banking practices, sharing the results of my research in articles that can help you make better, smarter decisions for yourself and your family.

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