How to Pass Prop Firm Challenges: A Step-by-Step Guide

Written By
G. Dautovic
September 20,2023

In the financial sector, prop trading stands out as a highly distinctive arena. In this space, traders prove themselves by leveraging a company’s capital to engage in financial transactions and earn a share of the profits.

Before being able to trade with live funds, however, aspiring entrants have to face the hurdle of various prop firm evaluations, which rigorously and often through multiple phases or steps test your aptitude and restraint in handling significant assets. 

Our guide seeks to clarify the intricate landscape of prop firm challenges, offering practical guidance to navigate and excel in the tests set before you.

Preparing for Prop Challenges

Think of prop trading challenges as the financial equivalent of an elite athletic competition. Just as athletes train rigorously, traders must hone specific skills and thoroughly understand the rules of the game. Some of the essential skills for prop trading that you should nurture are:

  • Technical Analysis: This is the backbone of many prop trading strategies. By mastering the art of reading charts, and understanding indicators like Moving Averages, Bollinger Bands and MACD, traders can make informed predictions about future market price movements.
  • Fundamental Analysis: While charts offer a visual representation of past and current movements, fundamental analysis delves into the 'why'. To use fundamental analysis properly, you have to be knowledgeable of economic indicators, interest rates, and geopolitical events that influence market sentiment.
  • Risk Management: Every trade inherently carries a certain amount of risk with it. Successful prop traders use tools like Value at Risk (VaR) and stress testing to quantify potential losses. They also employ techniques such as setting stop-losses and determining position sizes based on predefined risk percentages.
  • Emotional Control and Discipline: Markets can be erratic, driven by news and unexpected global events or missed quarterly earnings expectations from large corporations. Many traders react emotionally when faced with this kind of pressure, making further bad decisions which can lead to mounting and crippling losses. The key to successful prop trading is the ability to keep your head cool and always remain objective. 
  • Market Knowledge: A well-rounded trader understands various financial instruments, from equities and commodities to forex, precious metals and derivatives. They also stay updated on global events, central bank decisions, and important economic data releases that can sway markets in a matter of seconds.

How to Do Prop Firm Challenges

Prop firm challenges are structured evaluations, often simulated by the use of demo accounts, that test a trader's ability to generate profits while adhering to specific risk parameters. Here's a step-by-step breakdown on how to approach prop firm challenges properly:

Understand the Terms

Prop challenges always have strict and predefined rules. These can include maximum drawdown limits, minimum trading days, and mandatory profit targets. Ignorance isn't bliss here; overlooking a single rule can result in disqualification.

Craft a Strategy

Whether you're a swing trader relying on technical setups or a macro trader basing decisions on economic data, your strategy should be well-defined. Backtesting, which involves testing the strategy on historical data, can offer insights into its true effectiveness.

Employ Risk Management

Managing risk isn't just about limiting losses. It's about optimizing profits while ensuring that potential downsides are controlled. Techniques like diversification – not putting all your eggs in one basket – can be invaluable.

Continuous Learning

The financial world is dynamic. Regulatory changes, technological advancements (like algorithmic trading and machine learning), along with global economic shifts can all impact markets. Successful traders are perpetual students of the industry and its history.

Seek Mentorship

Mentorship and guidance is something everyone can benefit from, no matter if you are a beginner or a seasoned trading veteran. A mentor can offer nuanced insights, help refine strategies, and provide perspective during challenging times. This is why the vast majority of prop traders single out the educational support and mentorship as the biggest positive impact that happened in their careers.


Perhaps the most crucial aspect of all, especially for a prop trader. Even the best strategies can fail if not followed consistently, and honed out diligently over time. Avoid the temptation to chase the market or make impulsive decisions.

The Role of Time in Prop Trading Challenges

Time plays a pivotal role in most prop challenges. Some might have a short duration, pushing traders to make quick decisions. Others might offer a more extended window, allowing for a longer-term trading approach. 

Navigating time efficiently, especially when markets are in flux, is a distinct skill traders should hone. If you, however, wish to test your skill without this big additional pressure point on your back, you can now opt for an evaluation program with some of the prop firms which feature no trading period limits.

Post Prop-Challenge Reflection and Improvement

After the culmination of a prop trading challenge, the journey doesn't simply end with a pass or fail outcome. To a determined and wise trader, it is only another great opportunity for introspection and growth. 

Begin by reviewing each trade you executed during the challenge. Look at the entry and exit points, the rationale behind each decision, and the outcome.

Beyond individual trades, examine the performance metrics and reflect on the trading strategies you employed. Check your win-to-loss ratio, average profit versus average loss, and overall return on investment.

In essence, the post-challenge phase is as crucial as the challenge itself. It's a period of learning and refinement, ensuring that with each challenge, you become a more skilled and informed trader.

Wrapping Up

Proprietary trading challenges, while demanding, are certainly conquerable. By investing in thorough preparation, holding onto discipline, and continually updating their knowledge, traders stand a strong chance to excel in these assessments, marking the beginning of a thriving career in proprietary trading.


How do you pass the prop firm challenge?


By understanding the terms, crafting a robust, back-tested strategy, emphasizing risk management, staying updated on market events, seeking feedback, and maintaining discipline throughout the challenge.

How hard is it to pass a prop firm challenge?


It can be quite challenging, given that it assesses a trader's skills, discipline, and ability to handle pressure. However, with preparation and the right mindset, it is achievable.

How many traders pass prop firm challenges?


The exact number varies between firms and the specific challenges, but some estimates say that only around 4% of all traders pass prop firm challenges.

About author

I have always thought of myself as a writer, but I began my career as a data operator with a large fintech firm. This position proved invaluable for learning how banks and other financial institutions operate. Daily correspondence with banking experts gave me insight into the systems and policies that power the economy. When I got the chance to translate my experience into words, I gladly joined the smart, enthusiastic Fortunly team.

More from blog