Everybody’s talking about blockchain.
But if you listen closely, you may begin to suspect that some of the speakers aren’t quite sure what blockchain technology is, why it’s important, or what it can do.
Yes, blockchain technology is the foundation of Bitcoin and other hipster cryptocurrencies. And that’s a lot. But computer scientists and business leaders think it has the potential to transform global commerce, law, politics, and more.
Consider elections. With blockchain technology, each vote could be recorded anonymously in an unalterable public ledger. Final results would be beyond question, with no possibility of human tampering.
A blockchain-equipped car could pay for its own fuel with cryptocurrency. In face of an accident, it could automatically contact the insurance company and send precise information about damage.
These are just two of thousands or millions of ways blockchain technology can transform the way we live by making data open, anonymous, and unalterable.
This page is more than a compendium of stunning blockchain, crypto, and Bitcoin statistics. We hope it is also a source of reliable answers to burning questions about blockchain adoption and its potential in diverse fields. Even if you’re familiar with the topic, we think you’ll find a few mind-blowing blockchain network stats.
Blockchain Stats 2019 – Editor’s Choice
- By the end of 2024, it’s expected that corporations will spend $20 billion per year for blockchain technical services.
- About 90% of U.S. and European banks had started exploring blockchain’s potential by 2018.
- 74% of tech-savvy executive teams say they believe there’s a huge business potential in blockchain technology.
- 23% of companies expect to invest between $5 million and $10 million in blockchain during 2019.
- Financial institutions alone have spent about $552 million on blockchain-powered projects.
- More than 20 countries have adopted or at least researched the concept of a national cryptocurrency.
- Blockchain is so versatile that besides recording financial transactions, it can be used for storing medical records, concluding binding agreements, tracking the flow of goods, storing personal credit records, tracking the provenance of artwork, verifying payments through a supply chain, and much more.
1. Blockchain as we know it today was invented by an individual or a group of people using the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto.
(Investopedia, Bitcoin.org, The Economist)
Blockchain serves as the public transaction ledger for the first and best-known cryptocurrency, Bitcoin. Satoshi conceived a peer-verified electronic cash that would allow monetary transactions to be performed directly between two parties without the need of intermediaries such as banks
The blockchain itself is actually a list of records, or blocks, which are connected in series cryptographically. Each block contains transaction data (like date, time, and amount) as well as the cryptographically secured unique electronic address of the parties to each transaction. Every block also stores a code called a “hash” that uniquely identifies it. Every user of Bitcoin’s blockchain has a copy of an entire transaction history. The fact of the transaction is public and unalterable due to hashes the link each block in the chain to the previous and next blocks. The nature of the transaction and the parties to it are private.
When two people engage in a transaction, every computer belonging to the blockchain network has to verify it by solving a complex mathematical problem. Only once the verification is complete is the transaction block added to the chain. This is one reason blockchain eliminates the need for an intermediary when performing monetary transactions.
Serving as the foundation for an electronic currency is just one application of blockchain technology. Blockchains can also store medical records, contracts, or even voting results, all of which are automatically verified by the network.
2. The first mention of the word blockchain occurred at BitcoinTalk, the world’s largest forum dedicated to Bitcoin.
According to early Bitcoin developers, the term block chain was not used initially. Satoshi Nakamoto, the inventor(s) of Bitcoin, referred to the technology as a “proof-of-work” chain. BitcoinTalk forum users came up with the word during a discussion about how much time it takes to download Bitcoin’s “blockchain,” referring to the entire history of Bitcoin transactions.
Blockchain Market Statistics
3. The financial sector currently accounts for more than 60% of blockchain’s worldwide market value.
The technology has spread to other sectors as well: manufacturing (17.6% of the market share), distribution and services (14.6%), public sector (4.2%), and infrastructure (3.1%). Nearly every industry has adopted blockchain tech to some extent.
4. By 2018, about 90% of U.S. and European banks and financial institutions had begun exploring the adoption of blockchain technology.
(Law Technology Today, BlockTelegraph)
The financial sector leads the way in terms of investments in blockchain technology. During 2018, financial institutions spent about $552 million on blockchain-powered projects.
5. The costs of transactions using blockchain are millions of times cheaper than transaction costs in traditional economy.
For example, the transaction fee for transferring 849,999.99939168 Ether (which is equal to $261,833,999.81) is only $0.19.
6. Blockchain could reduce investment banks’ infrastructure costs by 30%.
According to a survey of eight banks by Accenture Consulting, the potential savings on a cost base of $30 billion are more than $8 billion.
7. By the end of 2024, it is expected that the blockchain market will grow to $20 billion in annual revenues.
(Grand View Research, Transparency Market Research)
And when it comes to blockchain technology market size, a recent report suggests that it will reach $7.59 billion by 2024. That’s a compound annual growth rate of 37.4%. Such rapid market growth is explained by an increasing demand for this technology across all industries, from financial services, through consumer and industrial goods, all the way to media, telecom, transport, healthcare, and public services.
8. 74% of tech-savvy executive teams surveyed by Deloitte said they believe there’s huge business potential in blockchain technology.
An even higher number (84%) of business leaders responded that this technology is scalable and that it will eventually become mainstream. Survey author Linda Pawczuk argues that Blockchain is “a versatile technology that can record financial transactions, store medical records, or even track the flow of goods, information, and payments through a supply chain.”
9. 23% of companies participating in the Deloitte blockchain survey said they would invest from $5 million to $10 million in blockchain technology during 2019.
More: 20% of 1,000 surveyed companies reported that they will invest up to $1 million, while 16% estimated that their investment would exceed $10 million.
10. Bitmain, a Chinese company that produces integrated circuit chips for crypto mining, is considered the largest blockchain organization in the world by market valuation.
(Bitcoin Market Journal)
Bitmain was valued at $14 billion in 2018. Other entries on the list of the biggest blockchain companies are the digital currency exchange Coinbase (valued at $8 billion), stock trading organization Robinhood ($5.6 billion), crypto network Ripple ($5 billion), EOS coin creator Block.One ($4 billion), cryptocurrency trade platform Circle ($2.9 billion), and major crypto exchange Binance (over $2 billion).
11. An increasing number of food companies and retailers are experimenting with blockchain technology.
(Wall Street Journal, Reuters)
Walmart has partnered with Nestle, Dole, Unilever, and Tyson Foods to implement blockchain in the food industry. Statistics show that blockchain implementation could generate $700 million in increased productivity. In one pilot project, blockchain made it possible to trace individual mangoes back to the farm in 2.2 seconds. Walmart says that without blockchain it would take more than six days to identify the original farm.
A European retailer, Carrefour, is the first company on the continent to introduce blockchain for food products. The company believes that the technology will revolutionize its supply chains, helping raise $5 billion in organic food sales by 2022.
12. The global market value of blockchain in food and agriculture markets is estimated to reach $1.4 billion by 2028.
According to projections of blockchain trends, the early adoption phase (research & development) will end in 2022. The regulatory and commercialization phase will last from 2023 to 2025. Beyond 2025, it’s expected that blockchain will become a mainstream technology in these industries.
13. More than $270 billion in assets have been distributed in Blockchain transactions.
(Medici, Cryptopolitan, Blockchain.com, PwC)
As of June 2019, about 430,000,000 blockchain-based transactions have been made. What’s also interesting is the emergence of fiat money-transfer companies that operate on blockchain, such as San Francisco-based Veem. Following this trend, Western Union has partnered with a Stellar (XLM) blockchain platform with a goal of speeding up transactions between different locations around the world.
14. The percentage of companies that have already implemented blockchain technology is largest in consumer products & manufacturing (29% of companies).
Life sciences industries (including biotech, medical devices and pharma) take second place, with 23% of companies already using blockchain.
Blockchain adoption statistics: Technology implementation phases in organizations worldwide as of April 2018, by industry. (Statista)
15. There are social networks that run on blockchains.
One of the best known is Steemit, a blogging network that rewards users for posting or curating content. The network’s base token is called Steem coin. Every time a user uploads articles or posts comments, he or she is rewarded with the network’s native token. At the time of writing, the Steem value is $0.410965, and it’s ranked 69th on CoinMarketCap.
16. There are more than 39,000,000 blockchain wallet users as of June 2019.
A blockchain wallet, or e-wallet, is a software program that lets users receive, store, and spend digital currencies. A typical blockchain wallet interface shows the current balance for stored cryptocurrencies and displays the history of transactions. Blockchain wallet users can send a request to other parties for a specific amount of BTC, ETH, XRP, Litecoin, Tether, or other digital currencies.
A unique address is generated for each request. Users can send funds to other unique addresses using their e-wallets too. E-wallets can be stored online or offline; the latter method is much safer.
When a user initiates a first-ever crypto-transaction, a digital wallet generates the private key, which then generates the public key. Both are represented as strings of alphanumeric characters. The unique address to which the transactions are sent is actually a hashed version of the public key. The private key is known only by the wallet’s owner, and it allows access to cryptocurrency. Users are not able to access and withdraw the funds deposited at their addresses – that is, in their e-wallets – until they provide a unique private key.
17. Around 15% of IT professionals have invested in cryptocurrency, which makes them the largest group of investors.
Students, the unemployed, and retirees also constitute a significant portion of crypto investors. More than 80% of cryptocurrency investors are novices; only 7.38% say they had previous experience in investing.
18. Blockchain investment was up by 280% in the first three quarters of 2018 when compared to the whole 2017.
According to one report, blockchain and crypto startups raised $3.9 billion through venture capital investments before the beginning of Q4 2018. The average size of blockchain investments has increased by more than $1 million during 2018.
19. According to blockchain predictions by Brock Pierce, an American entrepreneur with rich experience in digital currencies, the future of blockchain growth will be pushed by dAPPS, STOs, and the gaming industry.
Pierce, co-founder of the EOS cryptocurrency platform, says that significant decentralized apps will hit millions of users in the near future. Another significant aspect of further blockchain growth will be security token offerings, which work in a more regulated manner than ICOs. The former EOS blockchain chief strategy officer predicts the tokenization of fiat money, the debt market, real estate, equities, and even art is just around the corner. The gaming industry will be a major driver of blockchain adoption as well, since gamers were among the earliest crypto adopters.
20. Chinese manufacturer Lenovo introduced a mobile device that features “Z-space”, a blockchain-based payment system. HTC has also launched its own blockchain-focused phone.
(Asia Times, CNBC, Statista)
It seems that mobile blockchain is on its way. Statistics show that the number of mobile phone users will hit 5 billion in 2019, which is a huge, attractive market for blockchain innovators.
21. Key issues that need to be solved before blockchain becomes a mainstream technology are performance speed, interoperability, costs, regulations, and collaboration.
(CNBC, Deloitte, ICOService)
Issue #1: In numerous blockchain usage scenarios, performance issues must be addressed before widespread application deployment. While traditional systems are able to process thousands of transactions per second, the BTC blockchain can handle up to seven transactions per second. The Ethereum network is able to process 15 per second.
Issue #2: The blockchain industry is expanding rapidly, but still there is no standard that will allow different networks to cooperate with each other.
Issue #3: Reducing costs are one of the challenges of blockchain. Statistics from Elite Fixtures suggest that it costs more than $26,000 to mine just one bitcoin in South Korea.
Issue #4: Existing regulations around the world do not cover some of the main components of blockchain technology, such as smart contracts and international transactions. This uncertainty can slow down investments in technology and adoption of solutions.
Issue #5: Deloitte’s report about the state of blockchain in 2018 suggests that blockchain companies need to collaborate so technology can promote further development of applications, education, and standardization.
22. IBM has about 1,500 employees working on more than 500 blockchain projects.
The industries in which IBM implements the technology are shipping, banking, healthcare, and food safety.
For example, IBM’s intelligent logistics platform RoadLaunch integrates Internet of Things technology, Linux Foundation’s Hyperledger blockchain, and AI. Statistics and other data sets, automation, finance transactions, freight and fleet visibility, and all other logistics aspects will be covered by a single platform and revolutionize the way logistics and transportation companies operate.
23. U.S. spending on blockchain-based products and services is expected to reach $41 billion by 2025.
Blockchain spending in the United States increased by 110% during 2018. The compound annual growth rate for blockchain spending is forecast to be 44.5%.
24. It is expected that blockchain-based projects will add more than $360 billion of value to businesses by 2026.
Gartner predicts that the projects’ value will surge to over $3.1 trillion by 2030, when blockchain has become a mainstream technology.
25. New Kids on the Blockchain: 44% of gamers have either purchased or traded game items using blockchain tech.
The blockchain-powered gaming marketplace has some serious advantages over traditional solutions.
|Blockchain marketplaces||Traditional marketplaces|
|Games which support virtual items trading||Indefinite||3 games|
|Virtual item's unique history||Yes||No|
|Third party involvement||No||Yes|
|Virtual items creation||Yes||No|
Thanks to decentralized ledger technology, users around the world can buy, exchange, and even create and sell gaming items, which will surely change the gaming industry as we know it.
26. Some of the world’s largest banks are investing about $50 billion to build a blockchain-based digital cash settlement system.
According to a Reuters report, the banks include UBS, Banco Santander, Bank of New York Mellon Corp, State Street Corp, Credit Suisse Group AG, Barclays PLC, HSBC Holdings Plc, and Deutsche Bank AG.
The system is called Fnality and it aims to improve efficiency of clearing and settlement in financial market. Fnality could launch in 2020.
27. It is expected that global healthcare-market spending on blockchain will hit $5.61 billion by 2025.
When it comes to data breach-related costs, IT costs, operations, personnel, and reductions in fraud or counterfeit products, the adoption of blockchain could save the healthcare industry up to $150 billion.
Blockchain has the potential to make the drug supply chain more efficient, improve data accuracy and management, find the most appropriate professionals more quickly, and help providers stay on top of compliance and government regulations.
28. Only 0.71% of the world’s population (50 million people) use blockchain technology.
Researchers agree that the technology will not reach mainstream adoption for at least five years. However, investing in blockchain represents a smart step in the long term.
29. The most infamous (and largest) blockchain hack happened at the Mt. Gox cryptocurrency exchange.
The attack occurred in 2014, when Mt. Gox was handling about 70% of the world’s Bitcoin exchanges. Soon after that, Mt. Gox ceased operations and filed for bankruptcy. More than 750,000 BTCs (around $350 million) were stolen from the exchange.
Bitcoin Stats & Facts
30. Bitcoin’s blockchain electricity consumption generates carbon emissions comparable to the levels produced by Kansas City or countries like Jordan or Sri Lanka.
Bitcoin miners generate annual emissions of carbon dioxide of between 22 and 22.9 megatons, according to a Technical University of Munich study published in the journal Joule. The study suggests that carbon dioxide emissions would be twice as high if other cryptocurrencies were taken into account.
31. The highest-ever price for a single Bitcoin: $20,089.
(99Bitcoins, CryptoCurrency Facts)
BTC prices reached an all-time high on December 18, 2017. The world’s best-known cryptocurrency gained value for the first time in October 2009, when 5,050 BTC were sold for a little more than $5. The current Bitcoin price is about $9,200.
If you’re doing your own Bitcoin research, you may have come across the term sats crypto. Sats is short for Satoshis, the smallest unit of BTC. One Satoshi equals to 0.00000001 BTC, or one hundred millionth of a Bitcoin. Remember, Bitcoin current value readings are transient. The currency’s value can change in a matter of hours.
32. At the moment of writing, the global Bitcoin hash rate was 62,614,949,859 GH/s.
(Blockchain.com, Bitcoin.org, Techopedia)
A hash rate is defined as the number of hash operations in a given time period. It’s a useful measure for the processing power of blockchain networks. For example, when the blockchain network reaches a hash rate of 10 TH/s, it means that it makes 10 trillion calculations per second.
33. The current size of Bitcoin blockchain is 210 gigabytes.
The Bitcoin blockchain expands to hold all blocks and transactions. The average transaction size in June 2019 was 943 bytes.
34. The maximum number of Bitcoins that can be mined is 21 million.
(CoinSutra, Blockchain.com, IT Pro)
According to Bitcoin.com blockchain predictions, the last BTC will be mined in the year 2140. Almost 18 million Bitcoins have been mined so far.
What is cryptocurrency mining? We’re glad you asked.
Every time new BTC blockchain or other crypto transactions are made, they must be added to the blockchain. A miner is rewarded with a small amount of cryptocurrency for carrying out two tasks: validating transactions and guessing a unique 64-digit hexadecimal code (hash). For this purpose, powerful graphic cards manufactured by Nvidia or AMD are used. This time-consuming method may cost you more on your electric bill than you earn in cryptocurrency. However, there are easier ways to get your share of digital currencies. Crypto enthusiasts use digital currency exchanges to buy crypto coins for fiat money or to trade them for another altcoin. Since cryptocurrency values are highly volatile, using forecast and prognosis tools (such as Wallet Investor predictions, for example) is a good approach.
35. More Bitcoin mining stats: In 2018, 44% of BTC mining pools were located in the Asia-Pacific region.
A mining pool is created when cryptocurrency miners combine their computer resources over a network. Each member of the mining pool receives a reward – a share of the mined cryptocurrency – according to their contribution in finding another block.
The Asia-Pacific region also has the largest percent of Litecoin mining pools (52%). You can find the latest news and useful information about the Litecoin market on Reddit.
29% of BTC mining pools are located in North America. When it comes to mining statistics for other cryptocurrencies, 21% of Ethereum, 37% of ZCash, 34% of Monero and 28% of LTC mining pools are also located in this part of the world. Most Ethereum mining pools are located in Europe (49%).
A global distribution of the largest cryptocurrency mining pools. (Statista)
36. The first Bitcoin transaction occurred in 2010, when two pizzas were bought for 10.000 BTC.
On May 17, 2010, Laszlo Hanyecz bought two Papa John’s pizzas for 10,000 BTC. If we take into account how much bitcoin is worth today, it would mean that Laszlo (aka Bitcoin Pizza Guy) paid about $90,000,000 for the meal. Plus tip, presumably.
The day of the transaction is known as Bitcoin Pizza Day among blockchain and crypto enthusiasts.
Alt Coin Stats & Facts
Alt Coin or Altcoin – A common term for cryptocurrencies other than Bitcoin. (WhatIs.com)
37. The current Ethereum (ETH) market cap is $28,522,194,599.
ETH is the second largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization. In terms of crypto, market capitalization (crypto market cap) is defined as the circulating supply of tokens or coins multiplied by the current price. Ethereum’s creator is Vitalik Buterin, a Canadian programmer of Russian origin who entered the cryptocurrency world by writing blogs about Bitcoin. What makes the Ethereum blockchain different from Bitcoin’s is that it allows developers to create decentralized applications (DApps) and smart contracts. Smart contracts are computer programs that facilitate the exchange of money, property, shares, content, or anything of a value between two parties without the need for an authority (a lawyer, for example).
38. During 2018, crypto mining malware activity rose by more than 4,000%.
Cryptojacking is a use of computer’s processing power to mine cryptocurrencies without the consent or knowledge of the owner. It typically happens when a user unknowingly installs software that secretly mines crypto.
39. BitShares is an asset exchange platform (similar to the New York Stock Exchange) that works on blockchain.
BitShares and its native cryptocurrency were designed by American programmer Dan Larimar.
What makes the exchange different from the New York, Shenzhen, and London stock exchanges is that it is focused on cryptocurrencies, without the need for a central authority to handle all the funds. The Bitshares Reddit community has about 7,200 members; this subreddit is a useful resource for all existing and future users of the platform.
40. The Vechain platform is an example of the integration of blockchain and Internet of Things technology.
Vechain allows manufacturers to assign RFID (radio-frequency identification) identifiers to products which then record information onto the blockchain. Its native digital currency, VET, currently occupies 28th place on CoinMarketCap’s cryptocurrency ranking list. It’s supported by a huge Vechain Reddit community.
41. Ripple (XRP) is the third-largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization, after Bitcoin and Ethereum.
(CoinMarketCap, New York Times)
Ripple has created a $300 million fund to motivate companies to start using its platform for money transfers across international borders. The company currently owns $30 billion worth of XRP. The fund is intended for getting those coins into the hands of new users.
Fun fact: The company organized a private concert by the rapper Snoop Dogg for XRP enthusiasts.
Blockchain by Country Stats & Facts
42. More than 20 countries have adopted, rejected, or researched the concept of a national cryptocurrency.
Tunisia was the first country in the world to issue a blockchain-backed national currency, back in 2015. In December of the following year, Senegal issued its own blockchain-based digital currency called eCFA, named after its regular currency, the CFA Franc. The Marshall Islands adopted another legal tender next to the U.S. dollar in March 2018, a cryptocurrency called Sovereign or SOV.
Among the countries that have considered but dismissed the idea of a central bank digital currency are Ecuador, Estonia, Switzerland, Hong Kong, and Germany. Japan says it won’t issue its own cryptocurrency but it has recognized Bitcoin as an official means of payment.
Uruguay, Dubai, Singapore, and Iran are reportedly involved in ongoing experiments with central bank-issued digital currencies. Developed economies such as Canada, the United Kingdom, Norway, Sweden, China, and Israel are in the research phase.
43. Ten countries are leading the way when it comes to blockchain implementation.
In Australia, all taxes for transactions using cryptocurrencies have been removed. The Australian Securities Exchange plans to fully adopt blockchain technology after a two-year testing period.
The Chinese government is actively supporting crypto and smart contract platforms that were developed on its territory, namely TRON, NEO, VeChain, and many others. China is the home of thousands of blockchain-based startup companies, and the largest banking institutions in the country are implementing the technology as well.
Dubai’s government has set 2020 as a deadline for adding all government-related data and documentation onto the blockchain.
In accord with its ongoing efforts to position itself as a global cryptocurrency leader, Malta has introduced a regulatory framework for crypto service providers.
The Swiss town of Zug became the first city in the world to accept crypto payments for tax purposes. Known as CryptoValley, Zug is home to some of the world’s leading blockchain companies. The first test of a blockchain-based voting system was successfully completed here in 2018. Zug authorities have announced the launch of a decentralized digital ID system that will work on the Ethereum platform. Zug-based non-profit Crypto Valley Association is working to create the world’s leading blockchain ecosystem.
Japan is a global leader in Bitcoin adoption. Many retail stores in this country are accepting cryptocurrencies as a regular payment method.
The Estonian government has used blockchain technology to digitize all its services, including the health records of around 1.3 million citizens. They country’s business environment is extremely favorable for crypto companies, featuring tax-free undistributed profits and 100% online cross-border management. Thus, top blockchain companies have chosen to do business in this country.
The UK’s National Archives have partnered with the University of Surrey in a project called ARCHANGEL, which allows archiving documents on the blockchain (and thereby eliminating the possibility of tampering with the information). The government of the United Kingdom plans to implement blockchain in healthcare and voting systems.
In Singapore, efforts are being made toward implementing blockchain in the financial and healthcare sectors. For example, cross-border payments using distributed ledger technology are already possible in this country. Singaporean insurance companies are operating using smart contracts.
In the United States, the IRS has issued official guidelines for the taxation of cryptocurrencies. The Securities and Exchange Commission monitors all activities related to ICOs. In America,
44. 91.5% of all investments in cryptocurrencies are made by men.
(Bridging & Commercial, eToro)
This percentage was obtained from a survey conducted by the online crypto investment platform eToro. The survey also suggests that when women do invest, they generally choose the most profitable cryptocurrencies.
45. Most Bitcoin users are between 25 and 34 years old.
Other characteristics: 61% don’t consider themselves to be religious. Almost 30% have a yearly household income between $50,000 and $100,000 per year, 56% are either married or in a relationship, 43% have full-time employment, and 37% consider themselves libertarian or anarchy-capitalist.